Colección CHC0218 - Cuban Refugee Center Records

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Elementos de identidad

Código de referencia

CHC0218

Nombre y localización del repositorio

Nivel de descripción

Colección

Título

Cuban Refugee Center Records

Fecha(s)

  • 1960-1994 (Creación)

Extensión

109 Boxes

Nombre del productor

Historia administrativa

The Cuban Refugee Program was authorized by the President of the United States in February 1961. Federal assistance for Cuban refugees had begun in 1960 under President Eisenhower in response to the growing number of Cubans fleeing the Castro regime. President John F. Kennedy, recognizing that the situation was beyond the scope of individual states and volunteer agencies, assigned responsibility to the Secretary of Health, Education and Welfare (HEW), at the time Abraham Ribicoff, who delegated implementation and administration to William L. Mitchell, Commissioner of Social Security. The “Migration and Refugee Assistance Act,” enacted in 1962, provided the legislative basis for the program and authorized appropriations. The Florida State Department of Public Welfare, representing the federal government, set up an office in Miami for the assistance, child welfare services and medical care of Cuban refugees.

The Miami Cuban Refugee Emergency Center, located at the Freedom Tower, 600 Biscayne Boulevard, became the focal point of refugee registration, assistance, relief and resettlement, as well as coordination of government and independent agencies’ programs. Federal funding provided for the center’s operations, record keeping, publications, coordination of agencies and research on different aspects of the refugee situation, as well as for programs. The latter included financial assistance, educational loans, health care, adult education and re-training, resettlement and care of unaccompanied children. By 1962 between 1500 and 2000 Cubans were arriving weekly.

In 1963 the newly formed Welfare Administration succeeded Social Security in overseeing the Cuban Refugee Program. The decrease in influx of refugees following the cessation of regular flights and the implementation of programs such as home visits facilitated the transition from crisis response to a more efficient, better organized program.

In the years to come, however, the program would have to adapt to new emergency situations such as the arrival of Bay of Pigs Brigade 2506 prisoners in 1963 and the Camarioca boatlift of 1965. Perhaps the most taxing year was 1980 when the Mariel boatlift brought more than 125,000 Cubans to the United States. Simultaneously, Haitian refugees had started to arrive in growing numbers. The federal government declared a state of emergency and charged the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) with processing and assisting the entrants. On July of the same year the Cuban-Haitian Task Force (CHTF) was created to coordinate federal resources in support of county and state efforts, and to address community problems related to the influx of refugees into the Miami area, replacing FEMA in this capacity.

The Center closed its last location on Ponce de Leon Boulevard and 8th Street on July 1994, after more than three decades of providing assistance to thousands of refugees. Its archives were donated to Professor Juan Clark of Miami-Dade College who in turn donated them to the Cuban Heritage Collection.

Área de contenido y estructura

Alcance y contenido

The Cuban Refugee Center Records include correspondence, reports, publications, photographs, and clippings created and collected by the Cuban Refugee Center (CRC), in Miami in 1960 as part of a federal program to assist Cubans arriving at the United States as political refugees.

Sistema de arreglo

The Cuban Refugee Center Records are organized into seven series. 

Please refer to the Finding Aid/Inventory section for more information about the organization of this collection.

Condiciones de acceso y uso de los elementos

Condiciones de acceso

This collection is open for research. Box 108 contains confidential documents from the collection and has been restricted.

Acceso físico

Acceso técnico

Condiciones

Requests to publish or display materials from this collection require written permission from the rights owner. Please, contact chc@miami.edu for more information.

Idiomas del material

  • inglés
  • español

Escritura(s) de los documentos

Notas sobre las lenguas y escrituras

Instrumentos de descripción

Generated finding aid

Elementos de adquisición y valoración

Historial de custodia

Origen del ingreso

Gift of Juan M. Clark

Valoración, selección y eliminación

Acumulaciones

Elementos de material relacionado

Existencia y localización de originales

Existencia y localización de copias

Selected materials from this collection have been digitized.

https://merrick.library.miami.edu/cubanHeritage/chc0218/

Unidades de descripción relacionadas.

Descripciones relacionadas

Elemento notas

Notas especializadas

Identificador/es alternativo(os)

Área de control de la descripción

Reglas o convenciones

Fuentes

Puntos de acceso

Puntos de acceso por lugar

Puntos de acceso por autoridad

Objeto digital metadatos

Nombre del archivo

chc0218CL.pdf

Latitude

Longitude

Tipo de soporte

Texto

Mime-type

application/pdf

Tamaño del archivo

260.1 KiB

Cargado

18 de mayo de 2018 17:14

Objeto digital (Ejemplar original), área de permisos

Objeto digital (Referencia), área de permisos

Objeto digital (Miniatura), área de permisos

Área de Ingreso