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- 1948-1972 (Creation)
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Carlos Prío Socarrás (1903-1977) was born to Francisco Prío Rivas and María de Regla Socarrás Socarrás in Bahía Honda, Cuba. He became politically active during his time as a law student at the University of Havana, when he spent two years in prison for anti-government activities. In 1933, he was part of the coup that deposed Gerardo Machado’s government; it was around this time that he was involved in the founding of the Partido Revolucionario - Auténtico, whose nationalist and anti-liberal ideals originated during the 1933 revolution that ousted Machado. He was elected to the National Assembly in 1939 and became the leader of the Partido Auténtico in 1940. From 1945 to 1947, he served as Cuba’s Prime Minister, and then served as Minister of Labor from 1947 to 1948 before becoming president that year. Prío continued the centrist policies of his predecessor Ramón Grau San Martín, establishing agrarian reform programs, a national bank and a civil service.
In 1952, he was deposed in a military coup led by Fulgencio Batista, three months before the next elections, and left for the United States. He returned to the island in 1959, initially supporting Castro’s revolution, but eventually left the island again in 1961. He was an active spokesman for the exile community in Miami throughout the 1960s and early 70s. Prío spent the later years of his life in Miami working as a designer and businessman before his death in 1977.
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Preferred citation: Dr. Carlos Prío Socarrás Papers, Cuban Heritage Collection, University of Miami Libraries, Coral Gables, Florida.
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- Prío Socarrás, Carlos (Creator)