Collection CHC5298 - Junta Provincial de Patronato de Matanzas Records

Identity elements

Reference code

CHC5298

Name and location of repository

Level of description

Collection

Title

Junta Provincial de Patronato de Matanzas Records

Date(s)

  • 1871-1889 (Creation)

Extent

3 Boxes

Name of creator

Administrative history

The Junta Provincial de Patronato de Matanzas was created in 1880 when the law of patronato was passed in Spain. The patronatosystem represented a legal strategy to gradually abolish slavery in Cuba through an "apprenticeship" process. The patronato was the mechanism established to oversee the transformation of slave owners (masters) into patronos and of slaves into patrocinados. "It represented an intermediate stage between slavery and freedom during which former slaves would owe labor to their former masters, but would receive a token wage in return" ("Gradual Abolition and the Dynamics of Slave Emancipation in Cuba, 1868-86," by Rebecca J. Scott. Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 63, No. 3 [Aug. 1983], p. 457). The Junta functioned as a provincial entity and, with the civil governor, oversaw the local juntas in municipalities and cities.

The Junta Provincial de Patronato de Matanzas was created in 1880 when the law of patronato was passed in Spain. The patronatosystem represented a legal strategy to gradually abolish slavery in Cuba through an "apprenticeship" process. The patronato was the mechanism established to oversee the transformation of slave owners (masters) into patronos and of slaves into patrocinados. "It represented an intermediate stage between slavery and freedom during which former slaves would owe labor to their former masters, but would receive a token wage in return" ("Gradual Abolition and the Dynamics of Slave Emancipation in Cuba, 1868-86," by Rebecca J. Scott. Hispanic American Historical Review, Vol. 63, No. 3 [Aug. 1983], p. 457). The Junta functioned as a provincial entity and, with the civil governor, oversaw the local juntas in municipalities and cities.

Content and structure elements

Scope and content

The abolition of slavery in Cuba took place gradually over the course of several years. In 1880, the Spanish colonial government instituted a system called patronato, loosely translated as "apprenticeship." Most of the workings of the slave system were preserved, but patrocinados, as former slaves came to be known, received a minimal set of legal rights and were to be paid a token wage. The transition to the patronato system was overseen by a provincial network of government agencies called Juntas de Patronato. The Junta Provincial de Patronato de Matanzas was created in 1880 when the Law of Patronato was passed. As a central body, it processed claims and cases from a series of local juntas throughout the province of Matanzas. The records in this collection contain official documents, correspondence between local juntas and the main junta, and tables reporting names or numbers of patrocinados. The collection also documents the cases of individual patrocinados who were trying to obtain their freedom through the provisions of the new law.

All of the materials in this collection have been digitized and are available through the University of Miami Digital Collections.

System of arrangement

This collection maintains the original order of case folios.

Conditions of access and use elements

Conditions governing access

This collection is open for research.

Physical access

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Requests to publish or display materials from this collection require written permission from the rights owner. Please contact chc@miami.edu for more information.

Languages of the material

  • Spanish

Scripts of the material

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Finding aids

Generated finding aid

Acquisition and appraisal elements

Custodial history

Immediate source of acquisition

Purchase, 2012.

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information

Accruals

All of the materials in Box 1 and folders 1-66 of Box 2 and folders 1-17 of Box 3 are part of a large purchase of a group of materials whose original order was maintained. Subsequent folders added to this collection are from various purchases and gifts and are kept together by accession as they are received.

Related materials elements

Existence and location of originals

Existence and location of copies

Selected materials from this collection have been digitized.

https://merrick.library.miami.edu/cubanHeritage/chc5298/

Related archival materials

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