Collection CHC5223 - Martha Frayde Barraqué Papers

Identity elements

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Martha Frayde Barraqué Papers


  • 1957-1966 (Creation)
  • 1962-1966 (Creation)


4 Boxes

Name of creator

Biographical history

Born in Havana, Cuba in 1920, Martha Frayde Barraqué studied medicine at the University of Havana and at at McGill University in Canada.

Frayde was active in the Cuban Revolution, founding and directing Cuba's National Hospital and its nursing school. She had close ties to Fidel and Raul Castro and Ché Guevara. Frayde served as Cuba's representative to UNESCO until 1965, when she returned to Cuba and became active in the dissident movement. With Ricardo Bofill, she founded the Comité Cubano Pro Derechos Humanos (Cuban Committee for Human Rights) in 1976.

In July of that year, she was arrested as a counterrevolutionary and sentenced to 29 years in prison. She was released almost four years later and has lived in exile in Spain since 1979.

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Content and structure elements

Scope and content

The Martha Frayde Barraqué Papers consist of letters from the Cuban painter Wifredo Lam (1902-1982) to Frayde dating between 1962 and 1966.  The collection also includes a group photograph of Lam and Frayde in Mexico in 1957.

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Physical access

The letters in this collection are in very fragile condition.  The collection is closed for research until the letters can be digitally reformatted.

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Languages of the material

  • Spanish
  • French

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Immediate source of acquisition

Gift of Martha Frayde Barraqué, 2006; and the Estate of Martha Frayde Barraqué, 2015.

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Additions to this collection are expected.

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Selected materials from this collection have been digitized.

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Martha Frayde Barraqué donated her collection of Cuban art to the Lowe Art Museum at the University of Miami in 2006.  Her donation included works by Wifredo Lam, Amelia Peláez, Fidelio Ponce, Gina Pellón, Raúl Milián, Víctor Manuel, Manuel Mendive, Lorenzo Mena, Roberto Estopiñán, René Portocarrero, Julio Matilla, Servando Cabrera Moreno, Waldo Díaz-Balart, Baruj Salinas, Jorge Camacho, Hernán García, José Mijares, Andrés Lacau, Héctor Moltó, and other Cuban artists.

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Other Information:

Sponsor Note: This collection was processed with the support of a grant from The Goizueta Foundation.

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