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- 1960-1996 (Creation)
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El Directorio Revolucionario Estudianil en el Exilio (Students Revolutionary Directorate in Exile), also known as the Directorio Revolucionario 13 de Marzo, was founded in Miami in 1960 by former University of Havana students exiled as a result of the Cuban Revolution. Founders included Luis Fernández-Rocha, Juan Manuel Salvat, Pedro Ynterian, General Fatjo Miyares, Luis Gutíerrez, Bernabe Peña, Isidro Borja, Elio Mas Hernández, and Ernesto Fernández Travieso. These exiled students were originally members of Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil (DRE) in Cuba, one of the largest organizations in Cuba’s insurrectionary struggle. After 1959, the DRE became a revolutionary resistance faction.
The DRE in exile was dedicated to activities that could foment clandestine movements against the communist ideology of the Revolution. The mission of the organization was to make trips to the island with the aim of starting clandestine movements against the communist ideology established in Cuba. The group’s most common activities included infiltration on the island, sabotage, TV and radio programming, propaganda campaigns to save the lives of the political prisoners Alberto Muller and Miguel Garcia Armengol. The DRE established chapters in various US and Latin American countries to extend their reach.
As part of their propaganda efforts, DRE in exile published many pamphlets for distribution in Cuba and throughout Latin America and the US. The organization also published several newsletters and newspapers, including Cuban Report, DRE Boletin Informativo, Entre Nosotros, and Trinchera.
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Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil en el Exilio (DRE) Records Finding Aid
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Complete lists of separated materials are on file in the Cuban Heritage Collection.
The following periodical titles were removed from the DRE Records and incorporated in the Cuban Heritage Collection’s Cuban Exile Periodicals collection:
Boletín Informativo de Cuba
Boletín DRE: Órgano informativo del DRE de Cuba. Delegación México.
The Cuban Report
D.R.E Cuban Student Directorate
Suplemento Especial: Noticias de Cuba. Delegación Venezuela.
Trinchera (clandestine edition)
The DRE Records included various posters published by OCLAE in Cuba. These have been integrated in the Cuban Heritage Collection’s Poster Collection.
Pamphlets published by the DRE in exile were removed from the DRE Records and now form part of the CHC Pamphlets collection. Selected pamphlets published about Cuba or by other Cuban organizations have also been integrated in the Pamphlets collection. A second group of pamphlets remains with the collection and can be accessed through Series 6, Pamphlets, in the Directorio Revolucionario Estudiantil en el Exilio (DRE) Records.
Alberto Müller Collection (CHC0140), Cuban Heritage Collection, University of Miami Libraries
Alpha 66 Records (CHC5157), Cuban Heritage Collection, University of Miami Libraries
José Miró Cardona Papers (CHC5122), Cuban Heritage Collection, University of Miami Libraries
Sponsor Note: This collection was processed with the support of the Miami-Dade County Department of Cultural Affairs and the Cultural Affairs Council, the Miami-Dade County Mayor and Board of County Commissioners