Collection CHC0380 - Cuba: Capitanía General Collection

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Identity elements

Reference code

CHC0380

Name and location of repository

Level of description

Collection

Title

Cuba: Capitanía General Collection

Date(s)

  • 1851-1898 (Creation)

Extent

1 Box

Name of creator

Administrative history

This is a collection of “bandos” (edicts), “Reales Ordenes” and official forms (1896-1898) published during the governments of Valeriano Weyler and Ramón Blanco, Captain Generals of the island of Cuba. Weyler was a central figure in Cuba's War of Independence against Spain.

It was Don Práxedes Mateo Sagasta, who in the Spanish Congress of March 8, 1895, inspired the attitude of Spain against the Cuban rebellion: it was necessary to find the harshest and most despised general to lead a war to the death between the metropolis and the colony. General Valeriano Weyler was the man chosen to complete this task.

Weyler, following his acts perpetrated during Cuba's Ten Years War, was already manifesting a policy of proceeding with great energy and without contemplations. After the battles of Coliseo and Peralejo and the advance of Cuban troops into Pinar del Río, Weyler did not vary the general Spanish attitude. Spain showed its vehement desire to retain the beautiful island of Cuba.

It was the general support of the Spanish people that kept the assassin and torturer of 1868 as interpreter of the sentiments of those who wanted to maintain the Cuban people subjected to the oppressive authority of the Spanish government. Weyler carried out a war of extermination against the Cuban people and came to symbolize that terrible time in which ignorance, rage, and blind stubbornness governed the attitude of Spain.

As a result of the barbaric repression of Weyler, thousands of civilians were killed, hundreds of revolutionary patriots were assassinated, and thousands of political prisoners filled the prisons of La Cabaña, El Moro, and La Cárcel. Despite the overwhelming support of the Spanish government, the time came when exasperated with defeats, Spanish leaders branded Weyler as careless and inefficient. In 1897, Weyler was replaced by Captain General Ramón Blanco.

During his government, Weyler dictated many “bandos” (edicts) to be carried out by the Cuban people. One of the most censored was the one related to the “concentración.” The punishment for not following the “bandos” was execution by firing squad.

Content and structure elements

Scope and content

The Cuba: Capitania General Collection contains the “bandos” (edicts), “Reales Ordenes” and official forms from the governments of Valeriano Weyler and Ramón Blanco.

System of arrangement

The Cuba: Capitania General Collection is organized into three series.

Please see the Finding Aid/Inventory section of this guide for more detailed information.

Conditions of access and use elements

Conditions governing access

This collection is open for research.

Physical access

Technical access

Conditions governing reproduction

Requests to publish or display materials from this collection require written permission from the rights owner. Please, contact chc@miami.edu for more information.

Languages of the material

  • Spanish

Scripts of the material

Language and script notes

Finding aids

Generated finding aid

Acquisition and appraisal elements

Custodial history

Immediate source of acquisition

Purchased from the Librería de Antaño, Buenos Aires, Argentina, December 1993

Appraisal, destruction and scheduling information

Accruals

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Digital object metadata

Filename

chc0380CL.pdf

Latitude

Longitude

Media type

Text

Mime-type

application/pdf

Filesize

139.9 KiB

Uploaded

May 18, 2018 5:25 PM

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